It is named after the physician, William Miller Ord, who first described it in 1877 and again in 1888. It is more common among women than men. It has historically been separated from Hashimoto's Thyroiditis which presents with goiters, however some argue they each represent extremes of the same disease and should be classified together as a combined "Ord-Hashimoto’s disease".
Signs and symptoms
Physiologically, antibodies to thyroid peroxidase and/or thyroglobulin cause gradual destruction of follicles in the thyroid gland. Accordingly, the disease can be detected clinically by looking for these antibodies in the blood. It is also characterised by invasion of the thyroid tissue by leukocytes, chiefly T-lymphocytes.
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- Carlé, Allan; Pedersen, Inge Bülow; Knudsen, Nils; Perrild, Hans; Ovesen, Lars; Jørgensen, Torben; Laurberg, Peter (1 March 2009). "Thyroid Volume in Hypothyroidism due to Autoimmune Disease Follows a Unimodal Distribution: Evidence against Primary Thyroid Atrophy and Autoimmune Thyroiditis Being Distinct Diseases". The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 94 (3): 833–839. doi:10.1210/jc.2008-1370. eISSN 1945-7197. ISSN 0021-972X. PMID 19088156. S2CID 8184654.
- Davies, T. F. (2003), Ord-Hashimoto's Disease: Renaming a Common Disorder - Again. Thyroid 13 (4) 317. PMID 12820593.
- Williams D. (2003), Hashimoto's and Ord's diseases. Thyroid. 13(12): 1189. PMID 14751044